FUNDAMENTALS

  • Introduction and history of implants
  • Oral anatomy and histology
  • Maxilla and mandible-osteology,muscle attachments, blood supply and nerve
  • supply and age changes
  • Maxillary sinus
  • Tempromandibular joint
  • Mastication and occlusion
  • Dental anatomy
  • Oral mucosa and Gingiva - significance of keratinized mucosa
  • Periodontal tissues

Alveolar bone in health and diseases:

  • Structure
  • Bone anatomy
  • Bone histology
  • Bone physiology
  • Bone biochemistry

Defense mechanism of the oral cavity.

Biomaterials:

  • Properties of titanium and its alloys.
  • Bone augmentation materials.

Sterilization and asepsis:

  • General considerations
  • Surgical room
  • Sterilization protocol
  • Pre operative procedures
  • Pre medication

Osseointegration

  • Concept of Osseointegration
  • Biomechanics of Osseointegration

Implant prototypes and different systems Design of each implant

  • Endosteal implants
  • Submucosal implants
  • Sub periosteal implants
  • Blade implants
  • Transosteal implants

CLINICAL ASPECTS OF IMPLANTOLOGY

  • Clinical assestment and case selection
  • Patient screening and medical evaluation
  • Indications and contra indications for Implant therapy
  • Special emphasis on
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Smoking
    • Steroid therapy
    • Irradiation
    • Alchohol abuse
  • Examination of oral cavity
  • Assestment of existing dentition and periodontal status
  • Oral hygiene status
  • Edentulous ridge
    • Type and classification
    • Soft tissue and bony evaluation
  • Intermaxillary space evaluation
  • Determination of prognosis
  • Radiological assessment
    • OPG
    • CT Scans
    • Ball bearing templates
    • Study casts
    • Photographs
    • Templates

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING

  • Indications and contra indications
  • Diagnosis
  • Medical history
  • Dental history
  • Oral examination
  • Anatomical limits for fixtures placement
  • Radiographic examination
  • Fabrication of radiographic splint
  • Additional bone evaluation
  • Designs for edentulous patient treatment
  • Designs for partially edentulous patient treatment
  • Number of implants
    • Single tooth/Multiple teeth implants
    • One stage/Two stage implants
  • Type of implants

SURGICAL ASPECTS OF PLACEMENT OF IMPLANTS

  • Basic principles of surgery
  • Surgical instruments
  • Preparation of patient
  • Anesthetic options- LA/GA/IV Sedation
  • Flap design
  • Preparation of implant bed
  • Implant placement
  • Suture materials and suturing techniques
  • Post operative care
  • Post operative complications and management (healing after implant placement)

SPECIAL SITUATIONS AND PROSTHODONTIC ASPECT

  • Single tooth replacement
  • Overdentures
  • Hypodontia and oligodontia
  • Implant placement immediately following extraction and
  • Microvascular bone grafting techniques in combination with osseointegrated fixtures
  • Implant prosthesis for craniofacial defects like Implant retained ear prosthesis, nose prosthesis, eye prosthesis, etc.
  • Cleft palate rehabilitation
  • Use of hyberbaric oxygen to prevent implant loss in irradiated patients alveoloplasty

ADJUNCTIVE SURGICAL PROCEDURES

  • Soft tissue grafting
  • Bone grafting
  • Sinus lift
  • Ridge augmentation
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration
  • Distraction osteogenesis
PERI IMPLANT REGENERATIVE THERAPY
DECISION MAKING ON AILING AND FAILING IMPLANTS
FUTURE CONSIDERATIONS
MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS AND INFORMED CONSENT